Introduction The following paper will be an exegetical commentary of Romans 1.1-14. As the Greeks — under which term all civilized nations were included — were the source of the arts and sciences, of knowledge and civilization, it might be said that the Apostle should attach himself solely to them, and that he owed nothing to the Barbarians. It is a debt owed to all, whether sophisticated or unsophisticated, wise or less wise. Paul had a special sense of obligation to the Gentiles because he was the apostle to the Gentiles. 1 Corinthians 1:20; 1 Corinthians 1:26-28.) “I am debtor both to Greeks and barbarians, to the wise and the unwise.” The Greeks in every ramification of culture and civilization (i. e., poetry, oratory, philosophy and the fine arts) had stood at the top of the world the last five hundred years. Hellen. Romans 1:14 f. These verses are naturally taken as an expansion of the thought contained in the preceding. Romans 4:1-3 Commentary. Let every soul be subject to the governing authorities. The striking order of the original is reproduced in the emended rendering: Both to Greeks and to Barbarians; both to wise and to unwise, I am debtor. Greeks and barbarians therefore, is equivalent to Greeks and not Greeks, all nations. The Greeks called all other peoples ‘Barbarians;’ the word having reference to the strange, unintelligible language. But Paul wanted to stress that the foolish had as much right to the Good News as the wise, and in 1 Corinthians 1-2 he makes clear that it tended in fact to be the foolish who responded to the Good News (although not exclusively) for the wise were too self-satisfied with their own supposed wisdom. The apostle distinguishes men first as nations, Greeks and not Greeks, and secondly as to culture, wise and unwise. Paul was their debtor, not by any right that either Greeks or Barbarians had acquired over him, but by the destination which God had given to his ministry towards them. Romans 8:1-14 New International Version May 12, 2019 The International Bible Lesson (Uniform Sunday School Lessons Series) for Sunday, May 12, 2019, is from Romans 8:1-14.Questions for Discussion and Thinking Further follow the verse-by-verse International Bible Lesson Commentary. With regard to Paul, it included, on the one hand, all the duties of the apostolic office, and, on the other, the dangers and persecutions to which that office exposed him, without even excepting martyrdom, when he should be called to that last trial. As he sat, he heard children playing a game and they called out to each other these words: “Take up and read! So, as much as is in me, to you also that are at Rome, I am ready to preach the gospel. But this the Gospel is not; it is the very reverse of this, and therefore the Apostle is proud to identify himself with it. It became a term of reproach, because the Greeks, with their pride of race and culture, and the Romans, with their pride of power, looked down upon other nations. [⇑ See verse text ⇑] Paul has given several reasons for why he wants so badly to come to Rome. Romans 1:14 Context. If it depended only on him, he would be exercising his ministry at Rome. de fin. He knew his life of sin and rebellion against God left him empty and feeling dead; but he just couldn’t find the strength to make a final, real decision for Jesus Christ. And so, in the next century, the Church which began with such leaders as Ignatius and Polycarp, could number among its members before the century was out, Irenæus, and Tertullian, and Clement of Alexandria, and Hippolytus, and Origen—the last, the most learned man of his time. in reference to this subject, Acts 26:17 f.; Galatians 2:7; 1 Corinthians 9:16.’ (Meyer). The article is omitted in the original, and is not necessary in English; the word ‘unwise’ is not strictly accurate, since it suggests a verbal correspondence which does not exist. Romans 8:1 There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. Comp. — Ed. Such as the Pharisees despised (John 7:49). St. Paul himself was a conspicuous instance to the contrary. Romans 1:14 I am a debtor. But in whatever way these distinctions were viewed, he declares that both the one and the other were equal to him: he was debtor to them all, — to the Greeks, because their light was only the darkness of error or of idle speculation — to the Barbarians, for he ought to have compassion on their ignorance. Both to wise and to unwise. Find Top Church Sermons, Illustrations, and Preaching Slides on Romans 8:1-14. And when Alexander’s empire broke up the Greek culture and language remained. Romans 4:7-9 Commentary. Romans 3:29-31 Commentary. (Witham) --- by Greeks, in this place, are understood the Romans also, and by Barbarians, all other people who were neither Greeks nor Romans. Browse Sermons on Romans 8:1-14. a. But ‘foolish’ implies more of a bad sense than the word used by the Apostle. Meanwhile, through the Alexandrian conquest, she had given to the world the most wonderful language of all ages, in the providence of God the vehicle for the transmission of the gospel to the uttermost parts of the earth. But it is possible to take together, and to translate: the readiness, so far as I am concerned, (is) to preach the Gospel to you also who are in Rome. Græcia victa ferum victorem cepit, et artes, --- St. Paul says, that he is a debtor both to Greeks and barbarians, to the wise, the philosophers, those who pass for sages amongst the pagans, and to the simple, ignorant, unlettered class of mankind: not that he had received any thing at their hands, but because it was his duty, in quality of apostle, to address himself to the whole world, and preach to the great and to the small, to the learned and the unlearned. Еллинам и Варварам, мудрецам. When to awake; Now; and to awake out of the sleep of carnal security, sloth, and negligence; out of the sleep of spiritual death, and out of the sleep of spiritual deadness. Greek. The logic Paul seeks to refute is that grace has the opportunity to show itself for what it is — a gift given in the face of rejection — when … Continue reading "Commentary on Romans 6:1-14" The cultured Greeks and the proud Romans looked with contempt on all other races. That is, I am bound to preach the word of God to all. 14 I am a debtor both to Greeks . Did Christ deny himself for our brethren, so as to die for them, and shall not we deny ourselves for them, so as to keep from any indulgence? On the contrary, it might be alleged that he was debtor only to the Barbarians, as the Greeks were already so enlightened. Read Introduction to Romans . I stopped the car, and I vaulted over the gate, and I ran around in a great big circle striding as wide as I could. 15So, as much as is in me, I am ready to preach the gospel to you who are in Rome also. He wants to be mutually encouraged, along with them, about each other's faith in Christ (Romans 1:12). This document has been generated from XSL (Extensible Stylesheet Language) source with RenderX XEP Formatter, version 3.7.3 Client Academic. He knew that both stood equally in need of the Gospel, and that for them all it was equally adapted. Romans 4:4-6 Commentary. I have been stressing during the five years we have been on television, Paul is the designated apostle of the Gentiles. So I want you to run around that cir… It is hard to preach the gospel to someone that is behaving foolishly. Other Forerunner Commentary entries containing Romans 1:14: Acts 17:22 Romans 1:13 : Romans 1:15 >> The Berean: Daily Verse and Comment Sign up for the Berean: Daily Verse and Comment, and have Biblical truth delivered to your inbox. 14.I am a debtor both to the Greeks and to the Barbarians, etc. "A practical question arises here: Was Paul under any obligation that the rest of us are not under? 16For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ, for it is the power of God to salvation for everyone who believes, for the Jew first and also for the Greek. Romans 1:14. by Grant | Jan 3, 2011 | Romans | 0 comments. Both to Greeks and barbarians, to the wise and to the unwise, I am debtor. His commission was a general one, confined to no one nation, and to no particular class. I am under obligation both to Greeks and to barbarians, both to the wise and to the foolish. He is a debtor to all, whatever may be the distinctions of language or race. He wants to strengthen the believers there with a spiritual gift (Romans 1:11). This is the case with the learned and the unlearned, who are both altogether ignorant of the way of salvation, till it be revealed to them by the Gospel, to which everything, by the command of God, the wisdom as well as the folly of the world, — in one word, all things besides, — must yield subjection. And to the (rude) Barbarians, both to the wise and to the unwise - to all alike, without distinction of race or of culture. Greek. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, I am a debtor both to the Greeks, and to the barbarians -, I am a debtor both to the Greeks, and to the Barbarians. It was common for letters to begin with the name of the person writing the letter and the name of the person for whom it was intended. ‘I am debtor both to Greeks and to Barbarians, both to the wise and to the foolish.’. This commentary has been through Advanced Checking.. Commentary on Romans 13:11-14. Some were wise and some unwise, some Greeks and some barbarians. It is gratuitous, and probably mistaken, to argue with Weiss that he meant to describe them as , when we know that the early Roman Church was Greek speaking. I do not want you to be unaware, brethren, that often I have planned to come to you (and have been prevented so far) so that I may obtain some fruit … b. Romans 4:13-15 Commentary. Commentary on Romans 14:14-18 (Read Romans 14:14-18) Christ deals gently with those who have true grace, though they are weak in it. "Barbarians" -to the Greeks all non-Greeks were barbarians. As the Greeks however, excelled other nations in civilization, the word came to signify rude, uncultivated; though even by later writers it is often used in its original sense, and not as a term of reproach. So Paul is here speaking of both the sophisticated and educated of ‘Greek’ culture, and the unsophisticated Barbarians. Being a Christian didn"t make Paul any "better" than others, but it made him a debtor of all. From this it has been argued that "the gift of tongues" must have been designed to facilitate the preaching of the Gospel in foreign countries. Romans 6:1-14 Free at Last! I am debtor. Having been saved we come under an obligation to bring others to Christ. BIBLICAL COMMENTARY (Bible Study) Romans 1:1-14 EXEGESIS: ROMANS 1:1-14. Two things are to be here considered — that the gospel is by a heavenly mandate destined and offered to the wise, in order that the Lord may subject to himself all the wisdom of this world, and make all variety of talents, and every kind of science, and the loftiness of all arts, to give way to the simplicity of his doctrine; and what is more, they are to be reduced to the same rank with the unlearned, and to be made so meek, as to be able to bear those to be their fellow-disciples under their master, Christ, whom they would not have deigned before to take as their scholars; and then that the unlearned are by no means to be driven away from this school, nor are they to flee away from it through groundless fear; for if Paul was indebted to them, being a faithful debtor, he had doubtless discharged what he owed; and thus they will find here what they will be capable of enjoying. When he speaks of the Greeks he is not simply speaking of people who came from Greece. Romans 1:14 I am debtor both to Greeks and to Barbarians, both to the wise and to the foolish. Until he had fruit among the Romans, as among the rest of the Gentiles (Romans 1:13), this debt was not paid. Therefore whoever resists the authority resists the ordinance of God, and those who resist will bring judgment on themselves. Consequently, I feel that it’s in the Pauline letters that we have to garner basically the fundamental truths for Salvation, for the Christian walk, for the operation of the local Church. He covered Romans 1:1–14:17 during the period October, 1955 to March, 1968. "Debtor"-"under obligation" (NASV). He has received such a wonderful revelation and commission from God that he recognises that it has put him under an obligation to share it with others. Corresponds generally to "learned". God help us to feel that we, too, are debtors to all men indiscriminately. 2 One person’s faith allows them to eat anything, but another, whose faith is weak, eats only vegetables. For many of us, Romans 6 is scripture we have turned to as we have developed a theology of baptism, debated the merits of immersion versus sprinkling based on the imagery of burial and resurrection, and to whom it should be applied. Ин. The Romans are evidently … He then takes an argument from his own office, and intimates that it ought not to be ascribed to his arrogance, that he thought himself in a manner capable of teaching the Romans, however much they excelled in learning and wisdom and in the knowledge of things, inasmuch as it had pleased the Lord to make him a debtor even to the wise. Greeks and Barbarians-wise and unwise; polished and rude, learned and ignorant. The order of the commands is different in the Septuagint reading of Exodus 20:13-17. Paul’s letter to the *Romans. And this, again, only answers to what stands in the O.T.—It is written, the righteous shall live by faith.”, I am a debtor. He has professed his readiness to preach the Gospel, even at Rome. Both to the Greeks, and to the Barbarians; Both to Greeks and barbarians, to the wise and to the unwise, I am debtor. Paul’s desire to win fruit at Rome, as among the rest of the Gentiles, arises out of the obligation (for so he feels it) to preach the Gospel to all men without distinction of language or culture. It was something men treasured and were proud of, to such an extent that they looked down on people who could only say, ‘bar-bar-bar’ (Barbarians), which was what the non-Greek languages sounded like to them. But if such a continued miracle had been performed wherever our apostle preached beyond the region of Greek culture, and during all the contact which he kept up in those places, how is it that neither he nor his biographer has anywhere dropped a hint of it? The chapter begins with a most comfortable account of the safety of believers in Christ; the apostle does not say there is nothing condemnable in them, for sin is in them and is condemnable, and condemned by them; and is hurtful to their spiritual joy and comfort, though it cannot bring them into condemnation, because of their being in Christ Jesus: he says there is , "not one condemnation" to them, or one … Paul’s desire to win fruit at Rome, as among the rest of the Gentiles, arises out of the obligation (for so he feels it) to preach the Gospel to all men without distinction of language or culture. Romans 4:19-21 Commentary. Romans 1:14. Anywhere, no doubt, one might have misgivings about identifying himself with a message which had for its subject a person who had been put to death as a criminal; anywhere, the Cross was to Jews a stumbling block and to Greeks foolishness. ROMANS 8:1-14 – PART 2. I saw a lovely field with not a single blemish on the virgin snow. He was debtor to the wise, that is to say, the philosophers, as they were called among the Greeks; and to the unwise, or those who made no profession of philosophy. In the summer of 386, a young man wept in the backyard of a friend. Romans 8:2 For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and death. ), Romans 1:14 f. These verses are naturally taken as an expansion of the thought contained in the preceding. Romans 4:10-12 Commentary. He owed it, or was under obligation to preach the gospel both to the Greeks, and to the Barbarians. ", Paul HAD TO PREACH. None are exempt. Hence the Greeks enjoyed a universally recognized pre-eminence above the nations of the earth, all others, even the Jews, contrastively denominated “barbarians.” Paul was God’s cosmopolitan missionary, like Bishop Taylor at the present day. ‘Paul regards the divine obligation of office, received through Christ (Romans 1:5), as the undertaking of a debt, which he has to discharge by preaching the Gospel among all Gentile nations. — I am debtor both to the Greeks and to the Barbarians, both to the wise and to the universe. In modern phraseology, the words may be rendered, “Both to the civilized and to the uncivilized, both to the learned and to the unlearned, am I a debtor.” The two last terms are not exactly parallel to the two first, as many unlearned were among the Greeks, or the civilized, as well as among the Barbarians. It must be remembered that the Greeks called all who did not speak their own language “Barbarians,” and the Apostle, writing from. The gospel was at first most readily received by the poor and unlearned, but it did not therefore follow that culture and education were by any means excluded. (14) To the Greeks, and to the Barbarians.—The Apostle does not intend to place the Romans any more in the one class than in the other. To Greeks and to Barbarians. In addition, he wants to lead many more people to faith in Christ, both among this group of readers and … The Greeks called other people but themselves barbarians, but in the apostolic age the Romans were excepted. Every soul: This c… The Jews are left out, because he is speaking of his debt to the Gentiles. Consider the design of Christ's death: also that drawing a soul to sin, threatens the destruction of that soul. a. Romans 4:22-25 Commentary. John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Frédéric Louis Godet - Commentary on Selected Books, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, William Godbey's Commentary on the New Testament, Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans and Hebrews, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Hodge's Commentary on Romans, Ephesians and First Corintians. This expresses the difference of natural intelligence and cultivation in every nation; it is not a repetition of the previous clause. But at Rome, of all places, where the whole effective force of humanity seemed to be gathered up, one might be ashamed to stand forth as the representative of an apparently impotent and ineffective thing. Paul’s main point in Romans 6:1-14 is v. 11: “Consider yourselves to be dead to sin but alive to God through Christ Jesus.” This is the first imperative in Romans! Considering the … The Greeks called all barbarians, who did not speak the Greek language, even the Latins themselves. They are, however, to remember, that they are not so indebted to the foolish, as that they are to cherish their folly by immoderate indulgence. He begins here at Romans 3:20 because he wants to start the published volumes at what he calls the “heart” of Romans. Romans 1:14 - 17 (NKJV) 14 I am a debtor both to Greeks and to barbarians, both to wise and to unwise. In , the simplest construction is to make subject and predicate, supplying : all that depends on me is eager, i.e., for my part, I am all readiness. In their own way they were as separatist as the Pharisees, although for different reasons. In Romans 5, Paul said that where sin increased, grace abounded all the more (5:20). Romans 3:25-26 Commentary. The two pairs together ‘are used, apparently, merely as comprehending all Gentiles, whether considered in regard of race or of intellect; and are placed here certainly not without a prospective reference to the universality of guilt, and need of the gospel, which he is presently about to prove existed in the Gentile world.’ (Alford. The Romans are evidently conceived as Gentiles, but Paul does not indicate where they would stand in the broad classification of Romans 1:14. Commentary on Romans 6:1-14. To us this notion appears as improbable in itself as it is void of all evidence as matter of fact. What I have that another has not is to be used by me, not for my … I am debtor; he was under obligation in consequence of what Christ had done for him. An EasyEnglish Bible Version and Commentary (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of Romans. Paul is a debtor to both, and must give them the gospel. Romans 1:14. Greek was spoken everywhere. Home >> Bible Studies >> Romans Studies >> Romans 6:1-14 These small group studies of Romans contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, and applications. There was also a class of people within the empire who saw themselves as ‘wise. "Foolish"-in preaching, Paul saw no racial, culture or social barriers. Words in boxes are from the Bible. Could you help me out?" Galatians 1:3, Galatians 1:1, Galatians 1:3; 1 Timothy 6:9. But after the Roman became masters of the world, they were excepted, through policy, from the number of barbarians, and particularly after they began to cultivate the science of the Greeks. Indeed he feels under a great burden of debt to all men. unwise. We cannot hinder … This daily newsletter provides a starting point for personal study, and gives valuable insight into the verses that make up the Word of God. With this Paul introduces the great subject of the epistle, and, in a sense, of the Gospel—that which he here designates . Greece, adopts their point of view. non solum Graecia et Italia sed etiam omnis Barbaria). And it is a debt owed by all who receive salvation to those who have not yet received it. He does not, however, hesitate to recognize the debt or obligation, because, when God called him to their service, he was in effect their servant, as he says in another place, ‘Ourselves your servants for Jesus’ sake.’ The foundation of this duty was not in those whom he desired to serve, but in God, and the force of this obligation was so much the stronger as it was Divine; it was a law imposed by sovereign authority, and consequently an inviolable law. 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