With extra passenger and freight movements over Cook Strait following the earthquake, the company would have been unable to cope with just two ships operating on a reduced schedule so soon after the earthquake, so pushed back the departure to the end of April. It was a 6.3 magnitude earthquake and the focus was very shallow at 4.99 kilometres deep. [182], Ban Ki-Moon, Secretary-General of the United Nations, issued a statement on behalf of the UN expressing his "deep sadness" and stressed the "readiness of the United Nations to contribute to its efforts in any way needed". Porirua, Upper Hutt, and Lower Hutt, all outside of the Wellington City Council area, are included in the Wellington main urban area definition. Erskine, N., Daley, V., Stevenson, Su. 2011 Christchurch earthquake is similar to these topics: June 2011 Christchurch earthquake, 2016 Christchurch earthquake, 1991 Limon earthquake and more. The west wall suffered collapses in the June 2011 earthquake and the December 2011 quake[66] due to a steel structure – intended to stabilise the rose window – pushing it in. The earthquake took place around 1420 New Zealand Standard Time and was centered next to 3.8 miles deep, six miles from Christchurch.. [91] Two people died on local walking tracks after being hit by rockfalls. A tremor of 5.7 on the Richter scale was felt at 1 pm, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 08:05. Wikimedia Foundation, 02 June 2013. This is a difficult topic to research because fixing the physical damage from a disaster is usually the first step a city takes towards recovery. The Commission examined issues with specific reference to the Canterbury Television (CTV), Pyne Gould Corporation (PGC), Forsyth Barr and Hotel Grand Chancellor buildings. [256][257][260] It is predicted that the people who are displaced experience the worst of the damage, and therefore the reported levels of PTSD and depression are often lower than they would have been had the displaced citizens been available to collect data from. New Zealand's GNS Science has stated that the earthquake was part of the aftershock sequence that has been occurring since the September magnitude-7.1 quake, however a seismologist from Geoscience Australia considers it a separate event given its location on a separate fault system. Marian College did not return to the original site in Shirley but instead moved to a site at Cathedral College on Barbadoes Street. More than 361 aftershocks occurred in the first week following the 6.3-magnitude earthquake. These insurers underwrite their commercial losses to reinsurers, who will again bear the brunt of these claims. [208], The UC CEISMIC Canterbury Earthquakes Digital Archive programme was established in 2011 by University of Canterbury Professor Paul Millar. (2015). [147] Over 1400 Army, Navy and Air Force personnel were involved,[148] and Territorials (Army Reserve) were called up. The Department of Building and Housing also released a plan for the construction of 500 modular homes. The June 2011 Christchurch earthquake was responsible for causing additional damage to an already earthquake-devastated region. [20], GNS Science stated that the earthquake arose from the rupture of an 8 km x 8 km fault running east-northeast at a depth of 1–2 km beneath the southern edge of the Avon-Heathcote Estuary and dipping southwards at an angle of about 65 degrees from the horizontal beneath the Port Hills. [60], The four-storey Pyne Gould Guinness (PGC) House[61] on Cambridge Terrace, headquarters of Pyne Gould Corporation, collapsed, with 18 casualties. [100] Large boulders were found on the lawns of damaged houses. [262] Depressive symptoms before a disaster can predict higher chances of developing PTSD following a trauma. The station collapsed on 13 June 2011 after a magnitude 6.0 aftershock. His advice was that the 2011 earthquake was a "new event" and that EQC's reinsurance cover was already in place after the previous 2010 event. [103], The quake was felt as far north as Tauranga[104] and as far south as Invercargill, where the 111 emergency network was rendered out of service. [89], Several areas in and around Christchurch were deemed infeasible to rebuild due to earthquake damage resulting from soil liquefaction and rockslides. [235], The chief executive of Statistics New Zealand, Geoff Bascand, announced on 25 February that the national census planned for 8 March 2011 would not take place due to the disruption and displacement of people in the Canterbury region, and also the damage sustained by Statistics New Zealand's buildings in Christchurch, which was scheduled to process much of the census. [197] Australia's official delegation included Governor-General Quentin Bryce, Prime Minister Julia Gillard, and Opposition Leader Tony Abbott.[198]. English: June 2011 Christchurch earthquake was a 6.3 magnitude earthquake which struck the South Island of New Zealand at 02:20 13 June UTC. [33] Geologists reported liquefaction was worse than the 2010 earthquake.[16]. [174] The EQC pays out the first NZ$1.5 billion in claims, and the reinsurance companies are liable for all amounts between NZ$1.5 billion and NZ$4 billion. [135] They also responded to fires, serious structural damage reports, and landslides working with structural engineers, seismologists and geologists, as well as construction workers, crane and digger operators and demolition experts. The earthquake generated a significant series of its own aftershocks. If you cannot physically help, then you can help by donating now to the Christchurch City Mission, or one of the many other charities set up to help Christchurch. Most Cantabrians were away from their homes when the 6.3-magnitude earthquake struck at 12.51 p.m. on 22 February 2011. It was the largest aftershock of the 4 September 2010 Canterbury earthquake,[10] although it is being regarded as a separate earthquake. Posttraumatic stress symptoms in Police Staff 12–18 months after the Canterbury earthquakes. It was deemed unstable and demolished in April 2011. It also covers land damage within 8 metres of a home; this coverage is uncapped. Many heritage buildings were given red stickers after inspections. OpenStreetMap had good map data in this region even before the disaster, thanks to local mappers. Statistics New Zealand's main urban area definition for Christchurch includes Kaiapoi, which belongs to Waimakariri District, and Prebbleton, which belongs to Selwyn District. [193], A national memorial service was held on 18 March at North Hagley Park, coinciding with a one-off provincial holiday for Canterbury, which required the passing of the Canterbury Earthquake Commemoration Day Act 2011 to legislate. [233] [2] The earthquake struck the Canterbury region in New Zealand's South Island and was centred 6.7 kilometres (4.2 mi) south-east of the centre of Christchurch,[10] New Zealand's second-most populous city. [249][250], The Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) announced it would be the largest single event they had paid out for, with an estimated 7,500 injury claims costing over $200 million. Rescue efforts continued for over a week, then shifted into recovery mode. [237], In the year to June 2011, the population of Christchurch had fallen by 8,900 people or 2.4% of its population, with a historic annual population growth of 1%. Started filming a minute or so after the big one struck. Police media releases relating to the Christchurch earthquake of Tuesday February 22, 2011. Implemented programs can use this knowledge to help survivors focus on the positive effects, possibly working with families to help them get through the disaster with the people they feel closest with. [187], Pope Benedict XVI issued an announcement on the earthquake in a statement during his Wednesday audience on 23 February, stating that he was praying for the dead and the injured victims of the devastating earthquake, and encouraging those involved in the rescue efforts. The EQC again covers all amounts above NZ$4 billion. [125], Gerry Brownlee, a Cabinet Minister, had his regular portfolios distributed amongst other cabinet ministers so that he could focus solely on earthquake recovery.[126]. The increased liquefaction caused significant ground movement, undermining many foundations and destroying infrastructure, damage which "may be the greatest ever recorded anywhere in a modern city". [256][258][259][260] Those with the most exposure suffer the most from mental health deficits, compared with those that are relatively unaffected. [47] Road surfaces were forced up by liquefaction, and water and sand were spewing out of cracks. Several aftershocks were reported, some registering at a 5.6 magnitude. New Zealand's GNS Science has stated that the earthquake was part of the aftershock sequence that has been occurring since the September magnitude-7.1 quake, however a seismologist from Geoscience Australia considers it a separate event given its location on a separate fault system. [64] Search of the building was technically difficult for USAR teams, requiring the deconstruction of 4-tonne stair sets, but the building was cleared with no victims discovered.[65]. An a… It is the third time the census has been cancelled in New Zealand; the other occasions occurred in 1931, due to the Great Depression, and in 1941 due to World War II. Once the composite Christchurch Coordination Centre was established on 23 February the CDEM Group Controllers and ECC personnel relocated to the City Art Gallery to supplement the management personnel available to the National Controller. [149] They were supplemented by 116 soldiers from the Singapore Army, in Christchurch for a training exercise at the time of the earthquake, who assisted in the cordon of the city. [189] All Black Sonny Bill Williams and Sky Television both made large donations from Williams' fourth boxing bout which was dubbed "The Clash For Canterbury". [156], Australia's foreign minister Kevin Rudd told Sky News that New Zealand's Foreign Affairs Minister Murray McCully had asked for further help from Australia. Looking at territorial areas only, i.e. [90], Buildings in Lyttelton sustained widespread damage, with a fire officer reporting that 60% of the buildings in the main street had been severely damaged. Prime Minister John Key confirmed that, "All Civil Defence procedures have now been activated; the Civil Defence bunker at parliament is in operation here in Wellington. The spire of ChristChurch Cathedral has completely collapsed. Many university students and others who cannot currently return to school or work are volunteering to help with the community clean-up. [227] The Crusaders played their entire home schedule away from Christchurch,. "[119] It was only the second time that New Zealand had declared a national civil defence emergency; the first occasion was the 1951 waterfront dispute. [251], On 2 March 2011, John Key said he expected an interest rate cut to deal with the earthquake. [176], The UN and the European Union offered assistance. The earthquake was felt across the South Island and parts of the lower and central North Island. Thought the building was coming down. 2011 Christchurch earthquake-Wikipedia Another aftershock struck in June causing liquefaction and flooding along with damaging houses and the infrastructure of the suburb even more. [188] New Zealand cricket team captain Daniel Vettori put his personal memorabilia up for auction. [49] In the central city, two buses were crushed by falling buildings. Surgenor, L.J., Snell, D.L., & Dorathy, M.L. [238], In October 2008, the population of the Christchurch main urban area, as defined by Statistics New Zealand, had for the first time exceeded the Wellington equivalent (at 386,100 versus 386,000), which made Christchurch the second largest city in New Zealand (after Auckland). 2011), the Christchurch earthquake (Beavan et al. [137] The United States sent Urban Search and Rescue California Task Force 2, a 74-member heavy rescue team consisting of firefighters and paramedics from the Los Angeles County Fire Department, doctors, engineers and 26 tons of pre-packaged rescue equipment. [68] By mid-2019 early design and stabilisation work had begun. [114] [179], Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper released a statement saying: "The thoughts and prayers of Canadians are with all those affected by the earthquake. The June 2011 Christchurch earthquake was responsible for causing additional damage to an already earthquake-devastated region. [220][221], Christchurch was set to host five pool matches and two quarter finals of the 2011 Rugby World Cup. Royal Society of New Zealand. [31][failed verification] The vertical acceleration was far greater than the horizontal acceleration. [21] Fires were reported at the On 22 February 2011 a (Richter) magnitude 6.3 earthquake occurred in Christchurch, in the South Island of New Zealand, and resulted in the deaths of 182 people and caused widespread damage to buildings and infrastructure. Staff were grateful that they did not have to employ triage, but were able to deal with all patients. The eastern [64] The building was thought to be irreparably damaged and have the potential to bring down other buildings if it fell; an area of a two-block radius around the hotel was thus evacuated. [177] Kamalesh Sharma, Commonwealth Secretary-General, sent a message of support to the Prime Minister and stated "our heart and condolences go immediately to the bereaved." Predictors of poor mental health after a trauma, such as mental health status prior to a trauma and individual characteristics, can help determine those who will be more vulnerable to developing mental health problems. [24], The upwards (positive acceleration) was greater than the downwards, which had a maximum recording of 0.9g; the maximum recorded horizontal acceleration was 1.7g[26] The force of the earthquake was "statistically unlikely" to occur more than once in 1000 years, according to one seismic engineer, with a PGA greater than many modern buildings were designed to withstand. Initial reports by GNS Science suggested that ground motion "considerably exceeded even 2500-year design motions",[32] beyond maximum considered events (MCE). [22] The PGA is also one of the greatest-ever ground accelerations recorded in the world,[24] and was unusually high for a 6.2 quake,[25] and the highest in a vertical direction. [199], The inquiry began in April 2011 and was completed in November 2012. Following the earthquake the OpenStreetMap community and the Humanitarian OSM Team have worked to improve the map, particularly of central Christchurch, in the hope of providing useful open licensed map resources for … The cliff behind Redcliffs School collapsed onto the houses below. [107] KiwiRail also delayed 14 March departure of its Interislander ferry Aratere to Singapore for a 30-metre (98 ft) extension and refit prior to the 2011 Rugby World Cup. [109], 185 people from more than 20 countries died in the earthquake. Time-lapse visualisation of the June 13 2011 earthquake and its aftershocks in Christchurch and Canterbury, New Zealand. While the judgements were mostly in favour of the church, no further demolition occurred after the removal of the tower in early 2012. [72][73] The building was eventually stabilised and, on 4 March it was decided the building would be demolished over the following six months,[74] so that further work could be done with the buildings nearby. The surrounding districts, Selwyn and Waimakariri, have two of the three highest growth rates in New Zealand, at 2.2% and 1.6%, respectively. [168] Waste water and sewerage systems were severely damaged. 06 Feb. 2013. After 7 years, the school is set to be moved to Redcliffs Park in 2020. Large rocks crumbled from the Sumner/Port Hills and another 70+ buildings were damaged in the Christchurch CBD. [88], On 7 March, Prime Minister John Key said that around 10,000 houses would need to be demolished, and liquefaction damage meant that some parts of Christchurch could not be rebuilt on. Within two hours of the quake national co-ordination was operating from the National Crisis Management Centre located in the basement of the Beehive in Wellington.[119]. The scale of the destruction all but defies belief when we can appreciate only too well how difficult it must have been struggling to come to terms with last year's horror ... Our deepest sympathy and constant thoughts are with you and all New Zealanders. [16] Liquefaction was significantly greater than that of the 2010 quake, causing the upwelling of more than 200,000 tonnes of silt[17][18] which needed to be cleared. Impact of a major disaster on the mental health of a well-studied cohort. According to GNS Scienceseismologists, the energy released in Christchurch was equivalent to … "[53][54], Of the 3,000 buildings inspected within the four avenues of the central city by 3 March 2011, 45% had been given red or yellow stickers to restrict access because of the safety problems. June 2011 Christchurch earthquake. [169] Community laundries were set up in affected suburbs. The army provided desalination plants, and bottled supplies were sent in by volunteers and companies. [142] Taiwan sent a 22-member team from the National Fire Agency, along with two tons of specialist search and rescue equipment. Dorahy, M.J., Rowlands, A., Renouf, C., Hanna, D., Britt, E., & Carter, J.D. [24] The acceleration occurred mainly in a vertical direction,[16] with eyewitness accounts of people being tossed into the air. The February earthquake occurred during lunchtime on a weekday when the CBD was busy, and many buildings were already weakened from the previous quakes. [59] A government report later found that the building's construction was faulty and should not have been approved. Measuring 6.3 on the Richter Scale and, at 4.99 km deep, the earthquake was very shallow. [138][139] New Zealand, and indeed the entire world, has rallied together to help sort our crisis. [16], The current New Zealand building code requires a building with a 50-year design life to withstand predicted loads of a 500-year event. Thousands of portaloos and chemical toilets from throughout New Zealand and overseas were brought into the city. With limited water supplies for firefighting, a total fire ban was introduced, and the fire service brought in water tankers from other centres. [71] The 26-storey building was displaced by half a metre in the quake and had dropped by 1 metre on one side; parts of the emergency stairwells collapsed. "Christchurch earthquake" redirects here. [256][257] This information is important to consider when reacting to future earthquakes and other natural disasters. [101], Twelve streets in Redcliffs were evacuated on the night of 24 February 2015 after some cliffs and hills surrounding Redcliffs were deemed unstable. [92] The town's historic Timeball Station was extensively damaged, adding to damage from the preceding earthquake in September 2010. The earthquake was felt as far south as Invercargill and as far north as Wellington. [262] The displacement of large numbers of citizens following a trauma poses as a problem for researchers of natural disasters. The earthquake took place around 1420 New Zealand Standard Time and was centered next to 3.8 miles deep, six miles from Researching the mental health effects of earthquakes and other disasters is important so communities can heal properly after experiencing a traumatic event. [256] Because large number of citizens are being displaced, it is difficult to find a representative sample population. 2011. Japan sent 70 search-and-rescue personnel including specialists from the coastguard, police and fire fighting service, as well as three sniffer dogs. Some residents went several days without official contact, so neighbours were encouraged to attend to those around them. [155], A field hospital providing 75 beds was set up in the badly affected eastern suburbs on 24 February. [257][260] For example, after the Christchurch earthquakes, studies reported that older educated females of European New Zealand descent were over represented in their sample population,[257][260] which isn't accurate of the Christchurch population as a whole. [205], On the day of the earthquake, the main secondary school teachers' union, the Post Primary Teachers Association, had arranged a paid union meeting to be held that afternoon for members in the Christchurch area. Evidence from research on the Christchurch earthquakes reveals that increased trauma exposure is not exclusively correlated with negative outcomes. [236] Much of the NZ$90 million cost of the 2011 census was written off. He added that the thoughts and prayers of the Commonwealth were with the citizens of New Zealand, and Christchurch especially. [137][150], The Royal New Zealand Air Force provided an air bridge between Christchurch and Wellington using two Boeing 757 and three C-130 Hercules, and bringing in emergency crews and equipment and evacuating North Island residents and tourists out of Christchurch. [14][15] The peak ground acceleration (PGA) was extremely high, and simultaneous vertical and horizontal ground movement was "almost impossible" for buildings to survive intact. The 21-storey PricewaterhouseCoopers building, the city's tallest office tower, was among the office buildings to be later demolished. [255], The Christchurch earthquake of 2011 had widespread mental health effects on the population. New Zealand's Earthquake Commission (EQC), a government organisation, levies policyholders to cover a major part of the earthquake risk. Prospective predictors of short-term adjustment after the Canterbury earthquakes: Personality and depression. [140] The team left New Zealand earlier than planned due to the 9.0 earthquake which struck Japan on 11 March 2011. Linwood College and Shirley Boys' High School moved back to their original sites on 1 August (the first day of Term 3), and 13 September 2011 respectively. The proposals were heavily criticised for relying on incorrect information,[218] leading one school, Phillipstown Primary, to seek a judicial review over its proposed merger with Woolston Primary. A second team of 70 from Queensland, Queensland Task Force 1, (including three sniffer dogs),was sent the following day on board a RAAF C-17 . Due to the extensive damage of a number of secondary schools, many were forced to share with others, allowing one school to use the ground in the morning and the other in the afternoon. 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